Duluth Public Schools ISD709 promotes the use of positive behavioral approaches as an intervention for all students. Duluth Public Schools ISD 709 uses restrictive procedures only in response to behavior(s) that constitutes an emergency, even if written into a child’s Individualized Education Program (IEP) or Positive Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP). Restrictive procedures are use of a “hold” or “seclusion." Duluth Public Schools does not plan or intend to use “seclusion” at any time.
When we use a restrictive procedure (hold or seclusion), we need to document the incident immediately (no later than 24 hours), conduct a debriefing meeting within two school days, and document the debriefing meeting. Below are links to forms to document the incident/use of restrictive procedure and the debriefing meeting.
Document the use of restrictive procedures with a student who is “General Education only” with the links to the forms below. Documentation of a restrictive procedure with a student who receives “Special Education” is done through SpEd Forms.
“Emergency” means a situation where immediate intervention is needed to protect a child or other individual from physical injury.
“Physical holding” means physical intervention intended to hold a child immobile or limit a child’s movement, where body contact is the only source of physical restraint, and where immobilization is used to effectively gain control of a child in order to protect a child or other individual from physical injury. Minn. Stat.§ 125A.0941(c). Duluth Public Schools does not use prone restraint at any time.
“Seclusion” means confining a child alone in a room from which egress is barred. Egress may be barred by an adult locking or closing the door in the room or preventing the child from leaving the room. Removing a child from an activity to a location where the child cannot participate in or observe the activity is not seclusion. Minn. Stat. § 125A.0941(g). Duluth Public Schools does not plan or intend to use “seclusion” at any time.
Links and Resources:
Restrictive Procedures Law
ISD709 Restrictive Procedures Policy and Regulation
Crisis Prevention Institute -Nonviolent Crisis Intervention
Journal article use of training reducing use of restrictive procedures